The Role of Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch

Chicago: The University of Chicago Press, 2007.Green, Anne and Kathleen Troup. Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch, influenced by the like of Henri Berr and Paul Vidal de la Blanche, are the precursors of Annales School. Febvre demonstrated a tendency towards total history in Philippe VI et la Franche-Comt (1911). From then on, the Annales School has studied the impact of geography, economy, and psychology, among other social science’s disciplines, in the course of history.

Henri Berr was a French philosopher rather than a historian. Vidal de la Blanches works combined the disciplines of geography and history, and as a consequence, his style became a highlight of the French undergraduate programs of the period. His doctoral thesis disfavored his career, and as a result, Collge de France discarded him in 1912. Febvre commenced to write in it in 1905, while Bloch began in 1912.


Bentley, Michael. He founded the journal Revue de synthse historique, which gathered the attention of the most respected historians of his time. The influence of scholars, such as Henri Berr and Paul Vidal de la Blanche, on Febvre and Blochs work, must not be forgotten. He used psychological explanations in Un destin, Martin Kuther (1928).

Paul Vidal de la Blanche, the father of modern-French geography, acquired a position as a teacher at the cole Normale Suprieure in 1877. He utilized geographical sources in La Terre et levolution humaine (1922). London: Routledge, 1999.Breisach, Ernst. The Houses of History. In 1891, he published the journal Annales de gographie, showing a research-oriented history. Interestingly, Bloch also studied at the cole Normale Suprieure, and his degree combined geography with history too.

Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch

As stated previously, Febvre and Bloch founded Annales dhistoire conomique et sociale in 1929; however, their partnership commenced in 1920 at the University of Strasbourg. Modern Historiography: An Introduction. Ernst Breisach indicates, in Historiography: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern (2007), that the Annales rejected this histoire vnementielle- history based on political, diplomatic and military events. New York: New York University Press, 1999.. Historiography: Ancient, Medieval, and Modern. This work focused on the medieval belief in the curative power of the royal touch in the instance of suffering from scrofula. His doctoral dissertation at the University of Paris focused on the synthesis of historical inquiry. The objective of this new school of historical thought was to write total history. The newly methodology consisted on merging historical investigation with the disciplines of social sciences, such as geography, and economy.

Annales dhistoire conomique et sociale

In 1929, Lucien Febvre and Marc Bloch established the scholarly journal Annales dhistoire conomique et sociale, which inaugurated a new generation of historians. Green and Troup argue that his methodological approach showed the importance of popular belief in legitimizing the power of medieval monarchy, and the ways kings utilized that belief for their own purposes.

Breisach indicates that Febvre had published works which showed a new historical methodology. Febvre and Bloch are known as the pioneers of this school of thought, but in reality the works of previous scholars, such as Henri Berr and Paul Vidal de la Blanche, inspired their methodology.

Meanwhile, Michael Bentley points out, in Modern Historiography: An Introduction (1999), that Bloch first demonstrated his historiographical radicalism in Les Rois Thaumaturges (1924).

Marc Bloch.The Annales is one of the most influential schools of historical inquiry and methodology of the twentieth century. The Annales was one of the most influential schools of historical inquiry during the twentieth century because it changed the direction of methodology. Historians needed a new methodology to make this possible. Both Febvre and Bloch had already made significant contributions to what became the Annales School of history.

There is no doubt that Febvre and Bloch played a leading role in the foundation of the Annales School of history. Anne Green and Kathleen Troup argue, in The Houses of History (1999), that the Annales School is one of the most innovative houses of historical inquiry developed during the twentieth century.

Political, military and diplomatic topics characterized historical inquiry and methodology during the nineteenth century